Atlantic Canada [Louisbourg] | A Story of Unequal Resources in the Face of Coastal Erosion

Betts, Matt. (2019). Holding Back the Waters. Holding Back the Waters | Canadian Museum of History (

Dawson, Tom. (2013). Erosion and Coastal Archaeology: Evaluating the Threat and Prioritising Action. Ancient Maritime Communities and the Relationship between People and Environment along the European Atlantic Coasts. Erosion and coastal archaeology : Evaluating the threat and prioritising action (

Dawson, T., Joanna Hambly, Alice Kelley, William Lees, and Sarah Miller. (2020). Coastal Heritage, Global Climate Change, Public Engagement, and Citizen Science. PNAS, 117 (15), 8280-8286.

Erlandson, Jon M. (2012). As the World Warms: Rising Seas, Coastal Archaeology, and the Erosion of Maritime History. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 16, 137-142. As the world warms: rising seas, coastal archaeology, and the erosion of maritime history | SpringerLink

Historic England. (2017). Slipping Away: Coastal Erosion and Archaeology. Slipping Away: Coastal Erosion and Archaeology – The Historic England Blog (

Hodge, Katherine. Climate Change and Archaeology: Erosion. Climate Change and Archaeology: Erosion – Project Archaeology

Jala, David. (2017). Erosion Threatens Burial Ground at Fortress Louisbourg. Saltwire.

New Brunswick Cemeteries. Provincial Archives of New Brunswick (

Nicu, I.C., Lena Rubensdotter, Knut Stalsberg, and Erich Nau. (2021). Coastal Erosion of Arctic Cultural Heritage in Danger: A Case Study from Svalbard, Norway. Water.

Parks Canada. (2017). Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site.

Parks Canada. (2018). Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site Flood ProtectionProject – Phase Two Federal Infrastructure Investment Program.–phase-twofederal-infrastructure-investment-program.html

Ramaswamy, Chitra. (2017). Get in the Sea – Should we Allow Coastal Heritage Sites to Fall to Ruin?

Sesana, E., A. Gagnon, C. Ciantelli, J. Cassar, and J. Hughes. (2021). Climate Change Impacts on Cultural Heritage: A Literature Review. WIREs Clim Change.

St. Luke’s United Church (Belledune) Records. St. Luke’s United Church (Belledune) records – ArchivesCANB (

The Canadian Press. (2018). Students Unearth 300-year-old Human Remains Near Louisbourg.

U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit. Coastal Erosion. Coastal Erosion | U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit

Wentzell, Brittany. (2019). Fortress of Louisbourg Braces for Future with Modern Defences.

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