Bibliography

Using the Bathroom During the Age of Sail on a British Royal Navy Ship

Poem found in The Annual Register, or a View of the History, Politicks, and Literature, of the Year 1758.

Brenckle, Matthew. (2014) Head Lines. USS Constitution Museum. https://ussconstitutionmuseum.org/2014/01/18/head-lines/

Dalton, Kyle. (2018) The Call of Nature. British Tars 1740-1790. https://www.britishtars.com/2018/12/the-call-of-nature.html

Joseph, M.K. (1950) William Falconer. Studies in Philology. Vol. 47, No. 1, pp. 72-101.

Platt, Richard. (1993) Stephen Biesty’s Cross-Sections: Man-of-War

Spilman, Rick. (2020) Tow-Rags, or How Sailors Cleaned Their Bums. The Old Salt Blog.  http://www.oldsaltblog.com/2020/03/tow-rags-or-how-sailors-cleaned-their-bums/#:~:text=In%20modern%20British%20slang%2C%20a,life%2C%20scum%2C%20or%20loser.

Stockwin, Julian. (2013) Spending a Penny at Sea. Julian Stockwin ‘…unforgettable historical fiction…’ https://julianstockwin.com/2013/08/14/spending-a-penny-at-sea/

Zuvich, Andrea. (2013) The (Not-so-Hygienic) Personal Hygiene of the 17th Century. The Seventeenth Century Lady. https://www.andreazuvich.com/history/the-hygiene-of-the-17th-century/

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